Industry Trends Physician

From an Ebola veteran to all healthcare workers out there

COVID-19 responsders

Michael F. Drusano, MD, shares his experiences fighting Ebola in West Africa and how the lessons he learned there can be applied to COVID-19.

In health care we are all feeling overwhelmed right now. We are overwhelmed by the number of patients, the vast unknown about COVID-19, and the lack of appropriate equipment to do our jobs properly.

Yes, right now we don’t have the tools to adequately treat our patients and protect ourselves. We took an oath, but nowhere in this oath did we pledge to be cannon fodder — especially without the appropriate equipment. We have a duty to our patients. We also have a duty to ourselves — our lives are important too. But we also have a third duty: and that is balancing the former two. For my people in healthcare: if you are healthy enough to go to work — go. But under no circumstances should you be forced to do something at work that would endanger your health or safety.

Have confidence in your PPE

Something to keep in mind: personal protective equipment (PPE) works. I am testimony to that. I responded to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa years back, and I never fell ill. I’m still alive. Now, much like with COVID-19, back then we did not have everything we needed. We had to improvise.

Improvisations in our PPE meant that we were therefore obligated to improvise how we approached and treated our patients. It wasn’t ideal, but it was a situation where some care was better than nothing. Yes, these improvisations placed us at risk. Coverall suits that are too large present a trip and fall risk. Yellow suits trapped heat so much more than white suits causing a lot more sweating and fluid loss, meaning that there was greater risk of hypotension and collapse in the middle of the hot zone. Nonetheless, these were improvisations I was forced to make under the circumstances. My patients needed me. Refraining from going in to care for them was not an option. But as a result, I modified my behaviors while in the hot zone to protect my own interests.

Dr. Michael Drusano

If you do have to make subtle improvisations, it’s ok if it is not presenting an immediate and grave threat to safety — both the patient’s and your own. Again, I am living testimony that certain modifications still work in less-than-ideal circumstances and that these modifications do not guarantee morbidity or mortality. However, some modifications are absolutely unacceptable — like cloth masks or bandanas in place of health-care-grade face masks. Much like I would not have entered the hot zone without a coverall suit, health care workers should not perform deliveries without face shields or perform intubations without N95 masks. Full stop. If physicians and nurses are taken out by this, then there will be no one left to care for future patients.

Accept the circumstances you are in

The first step is accepting that we are going to have times where we could have done better if we had everything necessary (including time), but it is not our fault. We are going to lose colleagues. We are going to lose patients (including those without COVID-19) who would not have perished had they been ill the same way but only this time last year.

We in healthcare tend to be perfectionists. We went into the field not because it’s easy but because it’s hard. We’re not afraid to get our hands dirty, but at work we like knowing that we are doing things in a correct and thorough fashion in accordance with the most current guidelines. So much like with Ebola, COVID-19 response oftentimes is forcing us to act in a manner that is anathema to our training and to our collective personality. This is understandably distressing.

I had several instances in West Africa where I personally had to act against the basic tenets of my training and my wishes in providing patient care to a deserving and honorable patient population. These instances still follow me, and I don’t think I will ever get over them. It was tough dealing with those instances then, it is still tough dealing with them now. I think that this is where our heart and brain struggle together to find some sort of equilibrium. My heart still aches for those patients. It also still punishes me every now and then for the courses of action I had to take without any alternatives. My brain nonetheless tells me that I did everything I could for them with the tools, resources, and time that I had at my immediate disposal.

Make the best decisions you can

One thing I have learned about life thus far is that oftentimes we are left making not necessarily the best decision, but the one that is the least bad. Ebola was one of those times. So is COVID-19.

I think that even in non-pandemic settings there are always instances where we could have done more for our patients. We are always limited one way or another. Like with Ebola, with COVID-19 this maxim is so much more pronounced. It goes so much further than spending a little more time with a patient or submitting a prior authorization so that the patient can save a few bucks on their prescription. Remember that we are always on this spectrum of being able to do more. It’s just that now it’s more evident. Nonetheless, we will still do our best.

The most important thing is that at times like this we cannot look at each other as the enemy. That is how the virus will win. So much is out of our control now. But we still have some things that are. We still have decision-making capacity. Stop someone if they are about to do something unsafe. Sometimes people need an outsider with a more objective point of view in order to receive appropriate guidance and become better. Speak up, be forceful about it, but still be tactful. They are your colleague or co-worker, after all. You have to look at them in the face once this is all over.

I don’t have a crystal ball. I can’t predict the future. But I can guarantee that we as individuals, we as a profession, our country, and even the world will be different once this is all over. We have the capability to decide whether we are more cohesive and compassionate or spiteful and at odds with one another. The first option will take a little more effort on top of what we are already putting in, but it will be worth it.

Dr. Drusano is a family medicine locum tenens physician currently on assignment in California.

About the author

Dr. Michael Drusano

Michael F. Drusano, MD, is a family medicine-trained physician with experience in community health, complex humanitarian emergency response, and medical education. He has worked in a variety of diverse locales including Haiti, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Bangladesh, Uganda, and Botswana. In recent years he has taken a focus to refugee health and assistance as well as education by teaching community health volunteers in Rohingya refugee camps and organizing a point-of-care third trimester ultrasound course for midwives and Family Medicine physicians in Pakistan. He is currently pursuing a degree in Public Health.


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  • I think we should treat this Covid 19 like Ebola.
    We should only put patients in the field hospitals
    Cleanse staff before they go in and stay isolated and cleanse before coming out
    I don’t think the patients should go in to normal hospitals

    • Keeping patients in field hospitals will work in the south where it’s warm, but it’s still too cold here in the Northeast to have people house outside.

  • I was not available for ebola. I salute you for that. I do know where your heart is. As a med student I worked 3 months in a tuberculosis sanatorium (after a BCG injection) and finished uninfected. I did a 2 week humanitarian medical mission in El Salvador ….our group saw 6,000 patients (documented by pharmacy). I repeated a 2 week humanitarian medical mission in Peru when our group saw 9,000 patients…including children with 104’F temps+ malaria. Now I do locums from Alaska to Florida….story of it ALL: A,David Barnes,MD,PhD, MPH, FACOG

  • Thank you all for your healthcare service. Years ago I was sent to work in Western Fever Hospital
    London. Now I’m too old at 84 for anything much but I understand how scary today is. Be of good cheer as
    This too shall pass. Norma

  • Thank you for the words of encouragement and perspective. Maybe you can share more of your experiences and perspectives going forward to continue encouraging us. Take care!


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